Common names: Frankincense, Indian frankincense, salai, kanerese, madi, Sanskrit- Kunduru, sallaki, Tamil- parangi sambrani, Telugu- anduk, andugu, Olibanum

Boswellia serrata is a moderate to large height tree found throughout the tropical forests and dry hilly areas of India. Its uses are mentioned in the ancient ayurvedic texts of sushrita samhita and the charaka samhita. This is an oleo gum resin because it contains some gum along with oleoresins. Serrata gum is transparent and golden yellow in color and solidifies to brownish yellow tears and drops in various shapes and sizes.

Range of Uses : Serrata use in comparison to other Boswellia species is limited. Traditionally this gum has been used only in the form of incense as it burns readily giving a fine odor. Its uses in various pharmaceuticals and perfumery are not very well documented. Some secondary sources say it is used as a diaphoretic (increases perspiration) and an ointment for sores in India. However in ayurveda, it is used for the treatment of various diseases like diabetes, skin, blood diseases, fever, cardiovascular disorders, neurological disorders, rheumatism and dysentery. Today its major use in the anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, low back pain, osteoarthritis. In one study conducted at the government medical college Jammu, nearly 60 percent of arthritic patients tested experience good to excellent results against stiffness and pain. Over three quarters the patients in the study were either bedridden or incapacitated from doing normal work. In China, frankincense is used in a range of medicines. A more recent net increasing use for it has been found in aromatherapy. There are also references found its use in chewing gums.