If a scientist discovers a new object, how will he or she go about naming it?
Answer by Joshua Engel:
Generally, you bring it to some committee that experts in the field rely on as their authority. A few of them:
And so on. This list is not comprehensive, or authoritative. (Experts in each field can give you better answers.) But that’s the gist: there’s some authoritative committee who sets the rules and determines who gets priority in naming.